Important information for better production of barley crop

By: Merikheti
Published on: 19-Dec-2023

Barley can be grown on sandy to moderately loamy soil. But for its good production we should use fertile soil and proper irrigation. Barley can be grown on all sorts of different land. 

Time for sowing

For your information the seeds use for sowing should be disease free, certified and should be off the correct variety according to the reason they are being planted in. The seeds should not have any types of adulteration or mix with any other type of seed. Before sowing the seeds should be tested and germinated before hand. Barley is a Ruby crop which is grown in winter. Generally it is sown from October to December.

Irrigation

In areas without irrigation seeds should be sown from 20th October to 10th November. Whereas in the irrigated regions seeds should be sown by 25th November. If you are growing Barley late then it should be sown by 15 December.

Seeds and seed treatment

80 to 100 kg seed per hectare is enough for Barley production. Seed drill can be used and manually  spreading seeds can also be done. Barley should be planted in lines separated by the distance of 20 to 25 CM and the seeds should be 5 to 6 CM deep in soil. In non irrigated regions seeds should be fixed to 8 cm Deep. For diseases which could develop from the seeds seed treatment is necessary. To protect the seeds from open skirt seeds should be treated with 2 gram Baviston Or Vitawax per 1 kg seed. To control closed skirt thirum and Baviston/vitavax in the ratio 1:1 should be mixed 2.5gm per kg. 

Different varieties to grow in irritated and non irritated regions

Different types of good quality barley for example Amber, Jyoti, Azad, K 141,RD 2035, RD 2052,RD 2503,RD 2508, RD 2552,RD 2559, RD 2624, RD 2660, RD 2668, RD 2660,RD 2668,RD 2660, Haritma, Preeti, Jagriti, Lakhan, Manjula, RS 6, Narender jo 1,Narender jo 2, Narender jo 3, K603, NDB 1173, SO 12. Other varieties without cover are K1149(geetanjali), Dilma, Narendra jo 4(NDB 943) 

Different varieties for barren land

Azad, K-141, J.B. 58, Rd. 2715, Rd. 2786, P.L. 751, H.B.L. 316, H.B.L. 276, B.L.B. 85, B.L.B. 56 and NDB for saline and alkaline lands. 1173, Rd. 2552, RD 2794, Narendra Jau-1, Narendra Jau-3.

Improved premium varieties for malt and beer

Pragati, Tambhra, DL 88 (6 lane), RD 2715, DWR 28 and Rekha (2 lane) and D.W.R. 28 and other species like D.W.R.B.91, D.W.R.U.B. 52, B.H. 393, P.L. 419, P.L. 426, K. 560, K-409, N.O.Rajau-5 etc.

How to use fertilizer in Barley production.

Use of fertilizer is better when done after soil testing. For areas without irrigation 40 kg nitrogen, 20 kg Phosphorus and 20 kg potash per hectare should be used. For irrigated land 60 kg nitrogen, 30 kg Phosphorus and 20 kg potash per hectare should be used and for malt varieties 80 kg nitrogen, 40 kg Phosphorus and 20 kg potash per hectare should be used. For Barren as well as lately planted barley it is recommended to use 30 kg nitrogen 20 kg phosphate and 20 to 25 kg zinc sulphate per hectare.