How is cumin cultivated?

By: MeriKheti
Published on: 31-Oct-2023

Cumin is a spice crop, which is cultivated as a spice. This cumin is exactly like fennel in appearance, but it is slightly different in colour. Cumin seeds are used to produce aroma in a variety of dishes.

Apart from this, it is used in many ways in food, some of which people use in powder or roast food. Consuming cumin seeds relieves many stomach related diseases. The cumin plant is of dry climate, and its plants need normal rains In India, cumin is most cultivated in Rajasthan and Gujarat, 80% of the total cumin of the whole country is produced here, out of which 28% cumin is produced in Rajasthan state alone, in its western region 80% cumin production is in the state. 

The same neighbouring state Gujarat produces more than Rajasthan. At present, the production capacity can be increased from 25% to 50% by growing improved varieties of cumin. Most of the farmers are also earning good profit by growing improved varieties of cumin. If you also want to cultivate cumin, then in this article you are being given information about how to cultivate cumin (Cumin Farming in Hindi) and the price of cumin.

Soil requirement for cumin cultivation

Sandy loam soil is required for good yield of cumin. In its cultivation, the land should be properly drained, and the pH value of the land should also be normal. Cumin is grown along with the Rabi crop, so its plants grow well in cold climates. Its plants need normal rain, and a very hot climate is not suitable for its plants. Cumin plants need 25 degree temperature after transplanting, and 20 degree temperature is appropriate at the time of plant growth. Its plants can easily tolerate a maximum temperature of 30 degrees and a minimum of 20 degrees.


Varieties of cumin

At present, many types of improved varieties of cumin have been prepared, which are grown to give higher yields according to different climates. R.Z. 19 , G. C. 4 , R. Z. 209 , G.C.

 Also Read: Spices or Masala price hike: First vegetable now tempering in dal also becomes expensive, spices prices increase record

Land preparation for sowing cumin seeds

Before harvesting cumin, his field is well prepared. For this, first of all, the soil of the field is ploughed deep with turning halos. After ploughing, the field is left open like this for some time. After this, 10 carts of old dung manure are ploughed in the field as natural manure, due to which the fertiliser gets well mixed in the soil of the field. After adding the manure to the soil, two to three diagonal ploughs are done. After ploughing, the field is watered and ploughed.

 Fertiliser and manure management in the crop

At the time of last ploughing of the field after the plough, 65 kg of DAP should be given. And 9 kg of urea has to be sprayed in the field. After this, the soil of the field is made friable by installing a rotavator in the field. After the soil becomes friable, the field is levelled by applying pata. This does not cause the problem of waterlogging in the field. Apart from this, the amount of 20 to 25 kg urea has to be given to the plants during the third irrigation at the time of plant growth.

Also read: Know about the schemes related to spices that get money and training

Seed rate for sowing cumin seeds

Cumin seeds are planted in the form of seeds. For this, spraying and drill techniques are used. To transplant by drill method, 8 to 10 KG seeds are required in one acre field. For transplanting seeds by the same spraying method, 12 KG seeds are required in one acre field. The seeds are treated with an appropriate amount of carbon dioxide before they are planted in the field. Through the spraying method, the beds are prepared for transplanting keeping a distance of 5 feet in the field.

 Sowing seeds

Seeds are sprayed in these beds and pressed with a hand or tooth. This pressurises the seed below one to one and a half cm. Apart from this, if you want to transplant seeds by drill method, then for that you have to prepare the rows in the field, and a distance of one foot is kept between each row. Sowing of seeds in rows is done at a distance of 10 to 15 cm. Since cumin is planted along with the RABI CROP, it is advisable to sow its seeds till the end of November.

Crop Irrigation Management

Cumin plants have a normal need for irrigation. The initial irrigation is done immediately after transplanting the seed, and the initial irrigation has to be done with a slow flow of water, so that the seed does not get washed away by the strong current of water. Its plants mostly require 5 to 7 irrigations. After the first irrigation, the remaining irrigation has to be done in an interval of 10 to 12 days.

Weed control in crop

Both chemical and natural methods are used for weed control in the cumin field. In the chemical method, the appropriate amount of Oxadiargyl is mixed with water to form a solution, which is then sprayed in the field after planting the seeds. In the natural method, weeding of plants is done. Its first ploughing is done about 20 days after planting the seeds, and the remaining ploughing has to be done in an interval of 15 days. Its plants require a maximum of two to three hoeings.

Also read: Weed control in wheat crop

Crop yield

Improved varieties of cumin are ready to give yield after about 100 to 120 days of seed sowing. When the colour of the seeds in its plants starts to appear light brown, during that time the flower canopy is cut and collected and dried in the field itself. After this, the grains are removed by machine from the dried flower canopy. Depending on the improved varieties, a yield of about 7 to 8 quintals is obtained from one hectare field of cumin. The market price of cumin is up to Rs 200 per kg, according to which the farmer can earn good profits by earning 40 to 50 thousand rupees from one crop of cumin.