Let's know what ecology and its major components are?

By: Merikheti
Published on: 20-Dec-2023

Ecology is an important branch of science, with anthropology, population, community, ecosystem and biosphere. How ecological organisms, environment and organisms talk with each other and their environment. It has various levels, such as community, biosphere, ecosystem, organisms and population. The primary purpose of an ecological scientist is to greatly improve life processes, adaptation and their understanding in the context of the interaction of organisms and biodiversity.

Biological and inorganic factor

The main objective of ecology is necessary to understand the distribution of biological and abiotic factors of living things in the environment. His conversation with living and inanimate factors and environment in biological and abiotic factors is shambled.

Biological component

Biological components are a living factor of an ecosystem. Some examples of biological components include bacteria, animals, birds, fungi, plants, etc.

Abiotic component

The innovative components are inanimate chemical and physical factors of an ecosystem. These components can be obtained from the atmosphere, landmarks and watermanders. Some examples of abiotic components include sunlight, soil, air, moisture, minerals and more.

Living organisms are classified into biological components, while non -lively components such as sunlight, water, and topography are listed under the abiotic components.


Ecology can be divided into different types. Various types of ecology are provided below.

Global ecology

It is associated with mutual activity between the Earth's ecosystem, land, atmosphere and oceans. It helps in understanding the inner activities and their effects on the planet.

Landscape ecology

It is associated with the exchange of energy, materials, organisms and the rest of the ecosystems. Landscape puts light on the role of human effects on ecology, landscape structures and functions.

Ecosystem ecosystem

It belongs to the entire ecosystem, under which the study of their relations with living and inanimate components and environment is shambled. This science researches how ecosystems function, as well as their interaction etc.

Community ecology

It is associated with how the community structure is revised by the interaction between living organisms. The ecological community is formed from two or more populations of various species living in a particular geographical area .

Population ecology

It is associated with factors that convert and affect the size of genetic structure and population of organisms. Ecological scientists are interested in any other conversation with ups and downs in the size of the population, growth of population and population.

In biology, the population can be defined as a group of individuals of the same species living at some place in a scheduled time. Birth and immigration are the main factors to increase population and death and migration are the major factors that reduce population.

The population checks the ecosystem population distribution and density. The population density is due to the number of individuals in a given volume or area. This helps in determining whether a major species is in crisis or its number is to be controlled and resources are to be compensated.

Creature ecology

Biological ecological environmental challenges are the study of a personal organism, physiology, morphology in the north of environmental challenges. It sees how individual organisms do mutual action with biological and inorganic components. Ecologicalians do research, how organisms adapt to these inanimate and living components of their surroundings. Personal species are associated with a lot of adaptation such as physical adaptation, morphological adaptation and behavioural adaptation

Molecular ecology

The study of ecology focuses on protein yield. Also, how these proteins affect organisms and their environment. Explain that it happens at the molecular level. DNA creates protein, which talks with each other and the environment. These interactions give rise to some complex organisms.