Pests affecting pomegranate fruit and their prevention

Published on: 12-Feb-2024

There is an infection of the nematode inside the pomegranate, a tiny microscopic and thread-like round organism. It forms knots in the roots of pomegranate. Due to its effect, the color of the leaves of the plants starts turning yellow.

Pomegranate cultivation proves to be a very profitable deal for the farmers. The pomegranate plant is quite tolerant and can tolerate all types of weather. Pomegranate plants and fruits suffer huge losses due to insect and disease infestation. Therefore, farmers must have the necessary information related to the control and identification of diseases and pests in pomegranate cultivation. What kinds of diseases and pests affect pomegranate plants and fruits? What are the symptoms to identify it? Also, it is very important to know what measures should be taken to prevent it. 

The following pests affect the pomegranate crop: 

There is a lot of infestation of nematode in pomegranate, which is a microscopic microscopic and thread-like round organism. It forms nodes in the roots of pomegranate. Due to its attack, the leaves of the plants also start turning yellow and curling. Due to this, the growth of plants stops. Along with this, production also gets affected. For this reason, dig near the roots of the plant that is showing signs of infestation by this pest, add 50 grams of phorate 10 g to it, mix it well with the soil, and irrigate it. With this, the plants can be protected from damage. Apart from this, there is an infestation of insects like mealybug, moila thrips, etc. Due to this, buds, flowers, and small fruits start spoiling and falling in the initial stage itself. To prevent this, mix 0.5 percent solution of dimethoate insecticide in every liter of water and spray it on the crop.  

Also read: Which state produces maximum pomegranate in India?

Take the following measures for protection from mites 

Mite infection can also occur in plants. These are very small creatures, which are usually found in white and red colors. These small creatures suck the juice by sticking near the veins on the upper and lower surface of pomegranate leaves. Mite-infested leaves turn upwards. Apart from this, when the infestation of this insect is severe, all the leaves fall from the plant and it dries up. Therefore, when symptoms of mite infection are seen in pomegranate plants, spray 0.1 percent solution of Exide medicine on the plants. Do this spraying at an interval of 15 days. 

Butterfly moth is very harmful to pomegranate

Butterflies are considered to be the most harmful insect for pomegranate fruits. Because when an adult butterfly lays an egg, the caterpillar emerges from it and enters the fruit. After entering the fruit, it eats the pulp of the fruit. To control it, spraying 0.2 percent deltamethrin or 0.03 percent fucoidan insecticide solution during fruit development during the rainy season is very beneficial. It should be sprayed at an interval of 15-20 days.