Sandy Soil: What is sandy soil and in which area is it found most?

By: Merikheti
Published on: 27-Dec-2023

Sandy soil is found on a large scale in our country. Mainly sandy soil is found in Rajasthan. The color of sandy soil is light yellow and golden. In English it is known as Sandy Soil. 

The size of particles of sandy soil is larger than 2 mm. Crops can also be produced in this soil. Today in this article we will give you complete information about sandy soil.


What is Sandy Soil?

The particles of sandy soil are coarse, due to which the water holding capacity of sandy soil is very less as compared to other soils. Proper water and fertilizer management should be done for crop production in this soil.


Also read: Role of soil in Diseases in plants explained on the World Soil Day


What is the other name of sandy soil?

This soil is known by many names like sandy soil, desert soil, sand etc. The particles in this soil are coarse, hence the water holding capacity of this soil is very low.


Where is sandy soil found?

In India, sandy soil is found in (western part of Rajasthan, south-western part of Punjab, western part of Haryana and northern part of Gujarat). At some places, pebbles and traces of salt are also found in this soil.

It is deficient in nitrogen, organic matter and other nutrients. Agriculture can be done here if irrigation means are available and the soil is good. In India, it extends over approximately 144 lakh hectares of land.

Many types of plants grow in this soil which require less water such as Babul (kikar), plum bush and cactus etc.


Also read: Get soil tested through Soil Health Card Scheme to get better yield


Crops grown in sandy soil?

India's most fertile soil, alluvial soil, is also formed by mixing sandy soil. The highest amount of sandy soil is found in alluvial soil. Mainly sandy soil is considered good for the cultivation of potato, groundnut, carrot, radish and turnip, apart from this many other crops can also be grown in it.

If farmers use cow dung manure, gypsum etc. in this soil, then the fertilizer power of this soil can increase.

Alluvial soil is the most productive soil. This soil has been brought by rivers and spread in the northern plains. This soil produces maximum crops.