Why, when and how is Lohri festival celebrated? How is it related to farmers?

By: Merikheti
Published on: 11-Jan-2024

The major attraction of the festival of Lohri is the fire lit at night, which is called Lohri . The fire burning in Lohri represents Agnidev . Let me tell you that on this day a fire is lit at a place during the night. All the people gather around this fire.

In North India, Lohri is celebrated as a joyous festival. This festival is celebrated a day before makar sankranti. This festival is celebrated by the Hindu and Sikh communities, especially in Punjab and Haryana . The festival of Lohri holds special significance for the farmers . At this time, crops start flourishing in the fields. To celebrate the festival of Lohri, a fire is lit by making a wooden circle at night, which is called Lohri . This fire symbolises purity and auspiciousness. Groundnut, rewari, gajak, sesame and jaggery etc. are offered in this fire.  


What are the benefits of the Lohri festival?

The word Lohri is derived from 'Tilohari' meaning 'til' meaning sesame and 'Rorahi ' meaning jaggery. That is why it is called Lohri. This festival is celebrated to express gratitude towards nature. On this day, food items like jaggery, gajak, and sesame are offered to the fire god. Lohri is mainly celebrated by the farming community in northern India, in which they offer their harvested crops to the fire god. Lohri marks the beginning of the harvest season. The day also marks the beginning of the New Year . Additionally, Lohri marks the end of the winter season and on that day winter is at its peak and thereafter winter Gradually it starts decreasing. Thus, the night of Lohri is traditionally considered the longest night of the year, known as the winter solstice.


 Also Read: When, How and why Lohri is celebrated


Tradition of lighting fire on the festival of Lohri

The special attraction of the festival of Lohri is the fire lit at night, which is called Lohri . The fire burning in Lohri represents Agnidev . On this day, a fire is lit at a place during the night. All the people gather around this fire. All the people together offer sweets made of sesame seeds, jaggery etc. to Agnidev. According to folklore, the flames of the bonfire lit on Lohri are the message of the people to cooperate in the development of crops and the Sun God They pray. In return, the Sun God blesses the land. The next day of Lohri is celebrated as Makar Sankranti .


What is the connection of Dulla Bhatti with the festival of Lohri ?

On the day of Lohri, people light a fire and dance around it . Also, the elders of the house form a circle and tell everyone the story of Dulla Bhatti . It is said that during the Mughal period, during the time of Akbar, a person named Dulla Bhatti lived in Punjab. At that time some rich merchants used to sell the girls of the city in exchange for goods, then Dulla Bhatti saved those girls .  Since then, every year on the festival of Lohri, the tradition of narrating the story of Dulla Bhatti in his memory has been going on .