Buffalo farming

 How to protect the banana crop from the damage caused by extreme cold (frost) during the winter season?

How to protect the banana crop from the damage caused by extreme cold (frost) during the winter season?

Banana cultivation requires that the temperature is between 13–40 ° C. When the minimum temperature in winter goes below 10 ° C, then the flow of fluid flowing inside the banana plant stops, which stops the growth of the banana plant and many types of disorders begin to appear in which the main is throat choking. When the flowers in the banana are out of low temperature, the bunch is unable to come out properly from the virtual stem (pseudostem). Chemical causes can also cause this"choke" such as calcium and lack of boron. The front part of the inflorescence comes out and the base (basal) part gets trapped in the virtual stem. Therefore, it is called throat choke. 

The bunch sometimes takes 5-6 months to mature. Plants in which fruit bunch fails to emerge or come out, or turn unusually. Banana cultivation has a significant effect on plant health and productivity due to cold. Bananas, due to the tropical plant, are more prone to damage from cold when exposed to low temperatures. The growth, development and overall yield is affected by the cold. To effectively manage the damage caused by cold in banana cultivation, it is necessary to understand the causes, symptoms and to apply preventive and corrective measures.

Due to cold injury

Bananas are sensitive at temperatures below ten degrees Celsius. Frost damages banana plants, affecting leaves and stems. The cold air increases the rate of heat loss from the plant and increases the stress of cold.

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The most important nutrient for banana cultivation, symptoms of lack of potash and technique to manage it

Corrective measures

Sorting of damaged tissues: sort the affected leaves and stems to encourage new growth.

Cold Clothes: During the cold, the plants can get protection by covering it with a cold cloth.

Heating equipment: Using heater or heat lamps in extreme cases can prevent cold injury.

Freedom from post -cold stress

Monitoring of plant health: Regularly assess the recovery progress of plants. Promoting nutrients: Use fertilisers rich in potassium and phosphorus to promote recovery. Giving 1/4 part of the recommended quantity of fertilisers by light ploughing of banana plantations before the start of winter, also reduces a huge decrease in the fierceness of this disorder. Patience: Give plants enough time to recover naturally. In the agricultural climate of Bihar, we have seen that in the winter, the banana gardens start appearing burnt, but gardens start looking good again in March-April.

Research and technical solutions

Cold-resistant varieties: Develop and cultivate the increased cold-resistant banana varieties. We have seen that long species of banana are more tolerant of winter than dwarf species

Also read:Farmers doing Cavendish Banana Group's cultivation, will forget cultivating Paddy-wheat after wonderful earning

Use advanced weather forecasts to estimate and prepare for cold weather. The best time for tissue culture banana in Bihar is May to September. After this, its cultivation has a very bad effect on cultivation. The biggest principle of it is that flowers should never come in the winter in the banana because in the winter due to extreme cool, the growth of  bunch is not good or sometimes the bunch is not able to come out of the virtual stem properly. The flower in the banana prepared by tissue enrichment starts coming in the 9th month, while the bunch in the banana grown by Sakar comes in the 10th-11th month. Genetic engineering: Bananas require research on genetic modifications to increase cold tolerance.


Banana cultivation involves a combination of preventive, corrective and research-based strategies in effective management of damage caused by cold. Farmers should adopt a holistic approach considering site selection, cultural (agricultural) measures and technological progress to protect the banana crop from the harmful effects of cold stress. By applying these measures, producers can ensure stability and flexibility of banana cultivation in cold temperature areas.

This breed of buffalo is considered good for dairy business

This breed of buffalo is considered good for dairy business

If you also want to rear buffaloes for dairy business, then rearing Mehsana species can be proven awesome for you. This buffalo is famous for its milk production capability. This buffalo can make you a profit of lakhs yearly. Rearing buffaloes is coming out as a good business in rural areas as well as urban areas. Many farmers and dairy owners are rearing buffaloes after considering the increase in milk usage. This is the reason behind the increase in buffalo rearing day by day. Before buying a buffalo, generally people are not able to choose the best breed. Which as a result gives them loss. 

In this scenario, today we are going to talk about a top breed of buffalo which is famous for its impressive milk production capabilities. The breed today we are going to talk about is Mehsana breed. You can earn amazing profit in a year if you own this buffalo breed.

How much money can animal rearers make annually 

For your kind information, let us tell you that this breed of buffalo can provide you the benefit of upto 1.5 lakh per year. This buffalo was discovered in Gujarat. Because this Mehsana breed is in abundance in Mehsana district of Gujarat. That's why this breed is also named after the Mehsana district. Other than Mehsana, this buffalo is also found in Sabarkantha, Banaskantha, Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar district. This breed is also known as Mehsana or Mehsani. It is a calm breed of buffalo, due to which dairy owners and farmers love to rear this buffalo. 

Read also: Banni breed of buffalo gives 15 litres of milk, know about this

How much milk does Mehsana buffaloes give daily

Buffaloes of Mehsana breed are themselves famous for their milk production power. Mehsana buffaloes are considered best for commercial dairy farms. If you talk about the milk production capability of Mehsana buffaloes, it gives 5 to 8 litres of milk everyday. With good management and proper nutrition, this buffalo can also milk upto 10 litres per day. During Calving, this buffalo provides milk upto 1800 to 2000 litres on average. The price of this buffalo is around 50 thousand to 1 lakh. Actually, the cost of this breed depends upon the area, size and its health.

Read also: people who conserve indigenous breed of cows-buffaloes will get a prize money of 5 lakhs, here's how to apply

What are the different characteristics of Mehsana breed

Buffaloes of Mehsana breed are black, brown and grey in colour. And, its size is comparatively larger than Murrah breed. But, it weighs less than Murrah. The average weight of a male Mehsana falls around 560 kilograms. Whereas, the weight of a female is around 480 kilograms. Their horns are generally sickle shaped. And are less circular than Murrah. Their neck is very long and seems well structured. Its face is long and straight. Snouts are wide and nostrils are open. 

Along with this, eyes are black, beautiful and sparkling. It is being said that Mehsana breed is produced by crossbreeding of Murrah and Surti breed. The Mehsana breed is popular for its reproduction capabilities. This breed of buffalo is also popular for its milk production capability. Let us tell you that  in one Calving, this buffalo gives an average of 1800 to 2000 litres of milk.