How To Cultivate Potatoes

Best ways to protect potato crops from blight disease

Best ways to protect potato crops from blight disease

For your kind information, due to unexpected fall in rain, cloud and temperature and due to fog, not only potato but also tomato, ginger and onion crops are also prone to loss. With the increase in production, sensitivity towards diseases also increases. At present, potato crops are sensitive towards late blight. Its outbreak starts from the upper leaves. In initial stages, edges of leaves start blackening. Then infection spreads very fast to complete leaves and stems to fibrous roots. This is more dangerous than early blight. If not treated in initial stages, the whole crop can die within 2-3 days.

Prevent blight disease with these steps 

Farmers should spread mancozeb with carbendazim. Concentration should be kept 2.5-3 grams per litre of water. If necessary, spray again a second time after two weeks of first preventive spray.

How to control centipede 

In this weather, mustard crops along with other vegetables are prone to infection due to centipede and its associated viral disease. With the outbreak, leaves get curled around and thicken and stiffen. Plant growth stops and increment stops and the production gets affected. For prevention spread metasystox 1.5 ml mixed in per litre of water. Keep the farm humid to prevent frost. You can also spray mancozeb. 

Other crops of vegetables will also get affected.

If the weather becomes out of order, onion, garlic growth also stops. Most of the onions are sown or are in a nursery. To sow onion, use 10 kilograms of sulphur with other fertilisers in basel dressing. Bentonite sulphur is an amazing product from IFFCO. If the nursery face rotting, spray mancozeb, carbendazim and sulphur. According to experts, spraying 18:18:18 ( soluble fertiliser) can be useful in increasing productivity. Due to low temperature, roots of garlic can shorten. Spray 13:0:45 for this. Add 10 grams of manure in one litre of water. Add 6 mg of sticker for better results. Fruits and flowers start falling in vegetables in this weather. To prevent that, spray micronutrients.

Where is the world's most expensive potato grown?

Where is the world's most expensive potato grown?

Today we will tell you about the best variety of potato. World's most expensive potato is from France. Le Bonnotte is known as the most expensive potato in the world because of its distinct taste. It is sold for 50000-90000 rupees per kg. Potatoes are known as the king of vegetables and they have a special place in our lives. Because potatoes have a good taste and texture. Sometimes if not other dishes potato is also widely used for snacks. Commonly potatoes are eaten with puri. Because it is cheap and blends with most of the dishes. Currently dissolved for 10 to 15 rupees kg and year round its prices go up to 50 rupees Max. But do you know there are variety of potatoes that are sold for the prices of gold and silver.

In which country is Le bonnotte potato produced? 

Le Bonnotte is only grown in France. 1 kg of this potato is so expensive that a middle class family can buy its groceries for the entire year at the price of 1 kg Le Bonnotte potatoes. It is sold for 50000-90000 rupees per kg. Now the surprising thing is that despite being so expensive, Le Bonnotte continues to be purchased in large quantities. The reason for this is its low yield. It is only produced between May and June. Even though its prices are very high, people are always willing to buy it. 

Also readTraditional way to protect potato crop from jhulsa disease

How much is this potato production? 

What makes this potato so you need is its taste which is due to a special type of farming and is done only on 50 square meters of sandy soil. To grow it, seaweed is used as fertilizer. It is traditionally produced on the French island of Noimortier off the coast of the Loire region of the Atlantic Ocean. After cultivation, about 2500 people are engaged for seven days to select the potatoes. Out of the 10,000 tonnes of potato crop, only 100 tonnes are produced which are Le Bonnette. 

How does this variety of potato taste? 

If we talk about the taste of Le Bonnotte, it taste like lemon salt and walnut which is not found in any other variety of potato. It is very soft and fragile. It is said that this is made by just boiling it, and is served with butter and sea salt. It is small and almost identical to a golf ball. It's creamy and white from one side. The price of this potato varies every year according to its availability. But, till date it has been sold only between Rs 50,000 to Rs 90,000 per kg.

Potato farming: Important information related to potato farming.

Potato farming: Important information related to potato farming.

For your knowledge, we can tell you that growing more potatoes may enhance your revenue by sowing high yielding potato types on time, using a balanced amount of fertiliser, suitable pesticides, and water management.

Potatoes are a key cash crop. Every household uses it in some way. It contains abundant amounts of starch, protein, vitamin C, and mineral salts. Let us advise you that you may raise your revenue by producing more potatoes by early sowing of high yielding varieties, balanced fertiliser use, adequate pesticide usage, and improved water management.

Soil and potato crop variations

Potato farming is best suited to loamy and sandy loam soils rich in organic matter. Mid-season varieties such as Kufri Lalima, Kufri Bahar, Kufri Pukhraj, and Kufri Arun, when seeded in the first week of November, produce high yields. To avoid late seeding, sowing Kufri Sindhuri, Kufri Deva, and Kufri Badshah, among others, should be done by the last week of November.

Also  read: Grow early potatoes in this method.

Prepare the sowing and field of potatoes in this manner.

Potatoes are a winter crop. It needs a temperature of 22 to 24 degrees Celsius for establishment and early growth, and 18 to 20 degrees Celsius for tuber development. To prepare the field, make the soil more friable by ploughing three to four times deep. Before planting, add 55 kg urea, 87 kg DAP, 250 kg single super phosphate, and 80 kg MOP into the soil per acre.

Use fertiliser to produce an excellent yield from potato growing.

Today we shall discuss fertiliser in potato farming. Apply 45 kg of urea to the field 30 days after you seed your potatoes. Using 100 kg of gypsum per acre for field preparation yields results. Sow the potatoes only after they have been taken out of cold storage and kept in the shade for seven to eight days. If the potatoes are huge, chop and seed them. However, each piece of potato should weigh around 35-40 grams. Each item requires at least two healthy eyes. In this case, 10 to 12 quintals of tubers will be needed per acre.

Also  read: Late blight disease of potatoes and its treatment.

Before sowing, use three percent boric acid or Pensikuran (Manserin), 250 ml/eight quintals of tubers, or Penflufen (Imesto), 100 ml/10 quintals of tubers, and then sow the seeds. Maintain appropriate moisture in the field when sowing. Maintain a 50 to 60 cm spacing between each row. Sow at a space of 15 cm between tubers. After seeding potatoes, provide light watering for 7 to 10 days. When two to four leaves develop, combine Metribuzin 70%, WP at 100 grams in 200 litres of water and spray each acre.