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If you pay attention to all these things, farmers will get great production from mustard crop

If you pay attention to all these things, farmers will get great production from mustard crop

Mustard oil in India is used as edible oil in almost all homes. Mustard cultivation in India is done in Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. The main thing of mustard cultivation is that it can be grown in both irrigated and irrigated fields. Mustard is the third most important oilseed crop in the world after soybean and palm. Mustard oil as well as mustard leaves are mainly used to prepare vegetables. Mustard cake is also made, which is used to feed milch cattle. Along with the domestic market, the farmers have got a great feeling of mustard this year due to the increase in the demand for mustard in the international markets. At the same time, the central government has also increased its minimum support price.

Take special care of these things before cultivating mustard 

Before cultivating mustard, some things have to be kept in mind, so that we can get proper yield of crop, they are:-

Mustard suitable soil

Generally mustard cultivation can be done in every type of soil. However, the Balui loam soil with a single and better drainage is the most suitable for getting a brilliant yield of mustard. However, it should not be salty and barren land.

How to prepare mustard field 

Mustard cultivation requires a bright soil, the field should first plough the soil with a plough. After this, two to three ploughing should be done through native plough or cultivator. After ploughing it, it is very important to keep the moisture in the field and to level the fields. By applying it, both time and water are saved in irrigation.

Quantity of seeds

For your information , for the sowing of mustard crops in the fields where there is adequate means of irrigation, 5 to 6 kg of seeds should be used at the rate of 5 to hectare. The amount of mustard seeds may be different in the fields where there is not enough means of irrigation. Explain that the amount of seed depends on the basis of the variety of crops. If the time period of the crop is for more days, then the amount of seeds will be reduced. If the crop is of short time, then the amount of seed will be high.

Advanced varieties of mustard 

For mustard cultivation, it is also necessary to have knowledge of its advanced varieties, so that more yields can be achieved. Various types of mustard varieties are different for irrigated areas and unirrigated areas.

  1. RH (RH) 30: Both irrigated areas and unirrigated areas are good for sowing with wheat, gram and barley in both conditions.

  2. T59 (Varuna): This variety provides good yields in areas where there is no availability of means of irrigation. Its yield is 15 to 18 quintals per hectare in the unirrigated area. The amount of oil in its rash is 36 percent.

  3. Pusa Bold: Ashirwad (RK): This variety is suitable for late sowing (from 25 October to 15 November).

  4. NRC HB (NRC HB) 101: These varieties provide good yields in areas where adequate irrigation is provided. These varieties provide production ranging from 20 to 22 quintals per hectare.

When and how to irrigate mustard crop

In the mustard crop, the first irrigation should be done in 25 to 30 days and the second irrigation should be done in the stage of filling the grains in the fruits. If there is rain in the winter, even if the other irrigation is not done, even a good yield can be achieved. The field should not be irrigated at the time of flowering in mustard.

Irrigation in mustard crops should generally be done through bandage methods. Irrigation should be done by making a bandage of 4 to 6 metres wide according to the size of the farm. By irrigation by this method, the distribution of water is equal in the entire field.

Use of fertiliser and fertiliser in mustard cultivation

For your information, tell that for the fields where there is not enough irrigation means of irrigation, 6 to 12 rotten cow dung, 160 to 170 kg of urea, 250 kg single super phosphate, 50 kg of muret and potash and 200 kg It is appropriate to mix in the field before sowing gypsum. Mix half the quantity of urea at the time of sowing and half the remaining quantity in the field after the first irrigation. For the fields where there is no suitable means of irrigation, 4 to 5 tons of rotten cow dung, 85 to 90 kg of urea, 125 kg single super phosphate, 33 kg muret and potash per hectare are put in the field.

Weed control in mustard cultivation

In mustard cultivation, dense plants should be expelled from the field in 15 to 20 days of sowing. Along with this, their mutual distance should be made 15 cm. To eliminate weeds, weeding must be done in mustard fields before irrigation. In the event of weeds not destroyed, weeding and weeding should also be done after second irrigation. To control weeds by chemical method, within 2 to 3 days after sowing, the 3.3 litres of 3 to 3 days of pendimethalin 30 EC chemicals should be mixed with 600 to 800 litres of water and sprayed at the rate of per hectare.

Mustard crop harvesting and storage

When 75% of the legumes turn golden in mustard crop, then the seeds should be separated by cutting the crop by machine or by hand, drying or pouring it. Mustard seeds should be stored only when the seeds dried in the best way.

Mustard production from cultivation

In areas where there is not enough irrigation, it can yield from 20 to 25 quintals per hectare and areas where there are adequate irrigation arrangements. There can be achieving 25 to 30 quintals per hectare.

Mustard market price and earnings

The central government has fixed the minimum support price (MSP) of mustard by Rs 150 per quintal to Rs 5200 per quintal this year. Last year, the minimum support price of mustard was Rs 5050. Due to the increasing demand and lack of availability of mustard, this time the open markets are getting more than the minimum support price. Mustard is getting 6500 to 9500 rupees per quintal in open markets. Farmers can sell their crops in the major mandis of India where the price is high. In addition, direct contact with oil processing companies can also be sold directly to companies. At the same time, farmers can also sell their crops to traders in the open market. Explain that this year the mustard crop has given good prices to the farmers. Farmers are expected to get good mustard prices even further.

 Instructions to complete preparations to buy mustard crop on MSP

Instructions to complete preparations to buy mustard crop on MSP

This time the central government will purchase mustard on MSP. The government has made complete preparations for this. Union Agriculture Minister Arjun Munda has given this information on Wednesday. This time there has been a great yield of mustard in India, on which Union Agriculture Minister Arjun Munda has thanked the farmers.

The Agriculture Minister says that this year the farmers have produced a large amount of mustard. For this, all the farmers deserve congratulations. Munda said that he has asked the concerned departments to buy mustard at the minimum support price (MSP). So that farmers do not face any difficulty in selling produce and they can get proper amount of produce.

Mustard will be purchased at MSP

In a briefing to the media, Munda further told that the government has prepared to purchase mustard under the Price Support Scheme (PSS) during the marketing season of Rabi crops. He said, "The interest of farmers for the government is paramount. If the price of mustard goes below the minimum support price (MSP), the government will buy mustard from the farmers on MSP. He said that necessary arrangements have also been made for this."

Instructed to complete all the preparations for the purchase

He said that central nodal agencies have already been instructed to be prepared for the purchase of mustard under PSS for the Rabi marketing season (RMS), so that farmers do not face any difficulty. He said, "Purchase approval under PSS from the states of Gujarat, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Assam during Rabi marketing season-2023 was 28.24 LMT mustard."

Also read: Farmers will be happy due to increasing mustard area

Farmers will not have to face more problems

All mustard producing states have also been informed for RMS-2024, that if the current market price of mustard in the state is less than the notified MSP, then send a proposal for purchase of mustard under PSS in time. He said that the mustard MSP for RMS-2024 is Rs 5,650 per quintal. He said that it is the effort of the government that farmers can get the right price for their produce and do not have any problem in selling their products.

This state government has taken an important step in the interest of mustard farmers

This state government has taken an important step in the interest of mustard farmers

There is good news for the farmers of Haryana who cultivate mustard. State Chief Secretary Sanjeev Kaushal says that during the Rabi season, the government will purchase mustard, gram, sunflower and summer moong from farmers at the fixed MSP. Also, sunflower oil will be supplied through fair price shops in 5 districts from March.

What has the Chief Secretary said about the production of crops?

In a meeting, the Chief Secretary said that 50 thousand 800 metric tonnes of sunflower, 14 lakh 14 thousand 710 metric tonnes of mustard, 26 thousand 320 metric tonnes of gram and 33 thousand 600 metric tonnes of summer moong are expected to be produced this season. The Chief Secretary said that Haryana State Warehousing Corporation, Food and Supplies Department and HAFED have also ordered to start preparations to start procurement of mustard, summer moong, gram and sunflower in Mandis.

Also read: Mustard Cultivation: Good income at low cost

When will the government start procuring mustard?

The government will start procurement of mustard at the rate of Rs 5,650 per quintal in the last week of March. Similarly, gram will be purchased from farmers at the rate of Rs 5 thousand 440 per quintal. From May 15, summer moong will be purchased at the rate of Rs 8 thousand 558 per quintal. Similarly, sunflower will be purchased from June 1 to 15 at the rate of Rs 6760 per quintal.

Those who commit negligence will not be spared

The Chief Secretary has asked the officers to make all necessary arrangements for the convenience of farmers during the procurement process and make payment for the purchased produce within three days. At the same time, he said that those who are negligent in work will not be spared at all. With this decision, farmers will also get a fair price for their produce.

Varieties of number one class rice , the name of India is also

Varieties of number one class rice , the name of India is also

As we all know, Basmati rice is considered the world's number one rice. At the same time, after this, rice grown in Japan including Italy, Portugal, and then US comes . People consume rice with pulses, curry and sometimes as biryani. Rice is consumed almost in every household in India. Also, it is used in homes around the world.

According to reports, basmati rice is considered the best rice in the world. This long grain rice is grown in India and Pakistan. The taste of basmati rice is very different. While cooking it does not stick with each other and remains separate. Basmati rice is used in casserole, biryani and salad.

Arborio rice grown in Italy

Now after this, Arborio rice produced in Italy comes. The medium -long rash produced in Italy is rice. Also, Arborio rice is known for its soft, sticky texture. Thick and creamy rice is formed when rice is cooked. Arborio rice is used on normal toast to make risotto. In Portugal, long rash rice is called Carolino. Carolino rice is known for its soft and creamy texture. It cooks thick and creamy rice. Portuguese foods, such as pork biffons and fried rice, often use carolino rice.

Also read: New variety of rice prepared, once sowing can be taken for 8 years

Japan's rice is also included in this

Arizona Royal Rice is a long rash rice grown in the US. Arizona Royal Rice is famous for its soft, creamy texture. Thick and creamy rice is made when it is cooked. Rice grown in Japan is a round, small rash rice called Japanese Sushi rice. Its soft and sticky texture is known as Japanese Sushi rice. It becomes thick and creamy when cooked. Japanese Sushi rice is used to make sushi. 



Farmers can grow bananas with the help of tissue culture technique. This will greatly increase the income of the farmers. Also, the quality of the crop will also be good. Bananas are cultivated on a large scale in India. From vegetables to making chips, bananas are in great demand. Now in such a situation, the farmer brothers can earn a lot of profit by cultivating it. But, farmers can use tissue culture techniques for banana production .


Cultivating Bananas with tissue culture technique can prove to be a very profitable business. The plants manufactured through this technique are disease-free and uniform, thereby improving the quality of the crop as well as the yield. There is improvement. In this, a small piece of the plant is produced in a special medium . This medium contains nutrients and hormones that help plant cells to divide at a rapid rate. Within a few months, the plants grow sufficiently and can be planted inside the field .

Also Read: Most Important Nutrient for Banana Cultivation Potash Deficiency Symptoms and Techniques to manage it


The farmers of Bihar are also producing bananas in a tissue culture manner, which will increase the quality of banana production in Bihar. Happening. The banana plant production is best produced in optimally drained and sandy loam soils. Loosen the soil well and remove weeds completely .  


1) Plants manufactured with tissue culture techniques are free from disease, which helps in protecting the crop from diseases .

2) The plants prepared with tissue culture technology are of uniform size, which greatly improves the quality of the crop.

3) Plants constructed with tissue culture technique start bearing fruits faster than those prepared in a normal way.

4) Plants prepared with tissue culture technique give more production than plants prepared in the traditional way.

This evergreen,full of sweetness variety of mango produces fruits throughout the year

This evergreen,full of sweetness variety of mango produces fruits throughout the year

The Thailand type of mango, often known as the Thai perennial variety, provides great produce in all seasons. This mango is really sweet to consume.Farmers may harvest the Thailand type of mango three times each year. This species is unique in that it begins to produce fruit within two years of being planted in the field.

Mango is also regarded as the "king of fruits" . Farmers have an excellent source of income by cultivating it. Ideally, producers can only pick mango fruit once a year. However, there are so many types of this fruit available now that farmers may produce it all year. A perinneal variety of mango was introduced just a few days ago at the All India Farmers Fair in Pant Nagar. It is stated that this kind is capable of being harvested. three times a year. It is more sweeter than other types of mango. This variety is the Thai perennial sweet mango.

Time taken by fruit to appear

If you cultivate this thai perennial sweet mango and take take care of it properly, you will see results within two years. One might believe that because of its rapid production, the fruit would be lacking in taste and health benefits, however this variety excels in all areas.

Also to read:prevent mango flowers and fruits from falling in March by this way,treatment of diseases of mango tree

Scientists believe that this mango variety contains no  viruses. No virus has a specific effect on this tree in any season. Furthermore, growers may harvest up to 50 kg of mango from this variety after five years.

Who Developed this Type?

According to media sources, Bangladeshi scientists are credited with inventing the type. It is referred to by several names in different regions. In a few states, it is also known as Kati Mana. This variety has experienced the maximum production in the states of Punjab, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Gujarat.

What is the easy way to grow potatoes at home that can be used with every vegetable?

What is the easy way to grow potatoes at home that can be used with every vegetable?

Anyone can save a lot of money by growing potatoes at home. This is a vegetable which is used in every dish. Potato is a vegetable which is used in every household. It is the most commonly used vegetable in Indian homes. Potato curry is prepared in different ways in homes. But do you know that you can grow it at home also? After planting it at home, the hassle of buying potatoes from the market will be eliminated, let's know the easy way to plant it at home.

Take special care of these things while growing potatoes

If you want to grow potatoes at home, then choose good seeds. To grow potatoes, you should choose only certified seeds. Apart from this, you can also use potatoes as seeds. If you are using potatoes, then use the seeds with white buds or sprouts visible. Because of this, plants will emerge soon.

Also read: Detailed information on potato farming

Soil plays an important role in the cultivation of potatoes or any other crop. For this you should take excellent soil and add good fertilizer to it. For this you can use 50 percent soil, 30 percent vermi compost and 20 percent coco peat. Mix all these things and plant them in a big pot.

Grow better potatoes at home

Bury the potato seedlings 5-6 inches below the soil in the pot, container or bed. Cover it properly and add water. You can also use big pots from the market, grow bags, any old bucket or container at home. 

Importance of natural farming and what are its benefits

Importance of natural farming and what are its benefits

A portal has been launched by the Government of India for information on natural farming. All kinds of information related to natural farming will be found on this portal.

The practice of natural farming in India is continuously increasing. Farmers do not use any chemicals in this farming. This farming is largely based on on-farm biomass recycling, with special emphasis on the use of biomass mulching, cow dung, urine. To maintain the fertility of the soil, organic fertilizers made from neem are sprayed.

What are the benefits of natural farming?

The major goal of natural farming is to superficiate crop production without affecting the quality of the soil. It promotes maintaining diversity in crops, judicious use of natural resources, organic manure and a better farming environment. Natural farming works with a biodiversity. It increases the biological activity of the soil as well as promotes food yields.

Also read: Natural farming will benefit farmers, soon the farmers of the country will be rich

Natural farming improves yields

The production in natural farming is much better than traditional farming. This also increases the profits of the farmers very much. Also, it improves their financial condition significantly. In the last several years, farmers doing traditional farming have been more attracted towards this natural farming. In addition, natural farming also contributes significantly to soil conservation, better agricultural diversity and reduction of carbon and nitrogen footprints in the atmosphere.

Natural farming gives more yield with less cost

The main objective of natural farming is to give farmers the best yield by using on-farm, natural and domestic resources. In this method, the cost of farmers is very low. The most immediate impact of natural farming is at the soil level. Microbes and earthworms have a positive effect on natural agriculture. Chemical-free agriculture has a profound impact on soil health. Also, it contributes to crop yields excellently.

Also read: Low fertility leads to better production of soil

Portal for natural farming has been released

The Government of India has launched a website to promote natural farming in the country. All kinds of information related to natural farming are available on this website. Apart from this, information about all the steps being taken by the government for natural farming will be easily available. This portal has been developed by the Union Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.

Increase in suicide cases of farmers in country in NCRB report

Increase in suicide cases of farmers in country in NCRB report

According to new report of NCRB, there has been a incline in Suicide cases of people involved in agricultural sector. According to the latest news of National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), a consistent incline in deaths of farmers and agricultural people because of suicides in year 2022. According to latest updates,  National Crime Records Bureau ( NCRB) figures show that almost 11,290 suicide cases are seen last year in the country. 

For your reference, there has been an increase of 3.7 percent in 2021. 10,281 deaths were registered during this period. An increase of 5.7 percent is seen as compared to 2020. According to 2022 figures, at least one farmer died every hour in India. Along with this, this increase in suicide of farmers can be observed since 2019, when 10,281 deaths were registered in NCRB data. News says, recent years were not proven to be awesome for agriculture in India. There has been unexpected rain and drought conditions in many cities, due to which standing crops have been devastated. Whereas, prices of fodder are also reaching heights. 

How many people from agricultural sector attempted suicide 

According to report, 53 percent (6,083) farmers are labour as compared to 11,290 people who attempted suicide and were involved in farming. In recent years, the dependency of requirements of crop production for the personal income of an average farmer family is increasing on wages earned from farming. In year 2022,  4,999 people of 5,207 suicide attempts were male farmers, and 208 females were also involved.

No suicides in these states 

In 6,083 farmers involved in suicide, 5,472 were males and 611 females are involved. 4,248 cases in Maharashtra, 2,392 cases in Karnataka, 917 in Andhra farmers reported suicide. According to reports, there has been no farmers suicide registered in the states of Uttrakhand, Goa, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Chandigarh, West Bengal, odisha, Bihar, lakshdweep and puducherry.

 60 percent subsidy  provided for the installation of solar pumps under this scheme

60 percent subsidy provided for the installation of solar pumps under this scheme

The government continuously operates various schemes for the benefit of the farmers. Currently The government is running a scheme named “Kusum” for cooperation in the agriculture sector, which one can take advantage of .  Solar pump is a means by which the farmers get relief from the electricity bill. It is also very beneficial for the environment. Under various schemes of the government grants are provided to farmers for installing solar pump . Talking  of  its cost,  it depends on the irrigation requirements in the agricultural process, the nature of the soil of the field and the capacity of the solar pump. You can also take advantage of the government's schemes for the installation of solar pumps. The government provides grants to farmers for installing solar pumps under many schemes

What percentage of subsidy is being provided to the farmers  under the Kusum Scheme?

Let us make you aware that Kusum is also one of these schemes under which farmers are provided with a grant of 60% for the installation of the solar pumps  as the reports suggest these Solar pumps are provided free of cost to panchayats and cooperative societies too besides farmers apart from it . In addition to it the government also provides loans up to 30% of the cost for setting up solar pump plants around the farms . This is the reason that the farmers have to invest around only 10% of the total in the project . With the support of this scheme  the farmers can resolve the problems they face while irrigation and wouldn’t have to manage unwanted expenses of diesel pumps and electricity bills

Also read: Farmers can avail the solar pumps at 60% subsidy under “KUSUM SCHEME”

Documents required to apply for the subsidy under KUSUM scheme

1)Aadhaar card 

2)Ration card

3)Bank Details

Benefits of Using a Solar Pump

1)Farming through solar pumps does not require electricity, due to which farmers get rid of electricity bills

2)Solar pumps are also extremely beneficial for the environment, because they do not spread pollution

3)The cost of solar pumps is very low and their maintenance is also quite normal

 How much damage is the cold coming in this new year going to cause to farmers' crops?

How much damage is the cold coming in this new year going to cause to farmers' crops?

As the New Year approaches, the cold has started increasing rapidly, due to which the lives of common people are being greatly affected. There are also difficulties in doing farming-related work during winter. In such a situation, the Meteorological Department has increased the concern of the farmers even more. According to the Meteorological Department, there will be severe cold in the coming days. According to IMD, the temperature is expected to go below zero in many places. Now in such a situation, farmers need to be more careful.

There is a great possibility of a crisis for farmers.

India Meteorological Department (IMD) has warned of severe cold in North India. During this period the temperature can go below zero degrees Celsius. Farmers may have to face various types of difficulties due to cold. Due to this, farmers can face maximum problems. They include farmers who produce fruits, vegetables, and other crops.

 Also read: Due to weather in the coming days, farmers will suffer loss or get huge profit

What measures should farmers take?

Keep fruit and vegetable crops covered.

 Make arrangements to keep the animals warm. Provide an appropriate amount of fodder and water to them on time.

Which areas will feel colder?

Apart from the hilly areas, states like Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, and Haryana will experience severe colds in the coming days.

Horticulture suffers a lot due to seasonal changes.

Let us tell you that due to the increase in cold, fruit and vegetable crops can suffer a lot of damage. Let us tell you that crops like cabbage, peas, onion, tomato, brinjal, and potato can be harmed. Farmers will have to take great care to protect these crops from cold. Also, seed germination of paddy crops may be delayed due to cold. Due to this, the yield of paddy crops can be significantly affected. Apart from this, the risk of animals falling ill increases due to cold. Farmers should take utmost care to protect animals from cold.

Large-scale crop survey in this state using technology in agriculture sector

Large-scale crop survey in this state using technology in agriculture sector

Farmers will be assisted through e -Khasra app in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The UP Agriculture Minister says that technology is being used more and more in agriculture.

Technical use in the agriculture sector is very large in the last few days. In this chain, the e -Khasra app has been started in Uttar Pradesh. On the introduction of the app, State Agriculture Minister Surya Pratap Shahi says that the Prime Minister and the Chief Minister are taking care of the benefits of farmers. Also, various schemes are being released for farmers. Further in this article we will tell you what this e -Khasra app is and how it is beneficial for farmers.

Maximum use of technology in agriculture - Surya Pratap Shahi

Agriculture Minister Surya Pratap Shahi says that technology is being used more and more in agriculture. Under this, a digital survey of all crops is being conducted. He says that e -Khasra investigation is a transformational project of the Government of India under the Agristack Scheme. Its purpose is to create a digital format of India's agricultural ecosystem.

Also read: Cloud Computing: What is the role of cloud computing technology in agriculture

Digital crop survey under pilot scheme

The Agriculture Minister says that in the Kharif 2023, in order to include 20 percent of the total number of gaata of 7.87 crore, as a pilot scheme, the work of digital clip survey in 21 districts and 10 grams in 54 districts in 54 districts has started. Through the mobile app prepared by the Government of India under the scheme, in 21 districts of the state Sultanpur, Varanasi, Jaunpur, Pratapgarh, Mirzapur, Moradabad, Jalaun, Chitrakoot, Farrukhabad, Ayodhya, Chandauli, Jhansi, Basti, Hardoi, Deoria, Gorakhpur, Bhadohi, Sant Kabir Nagar, Auraiya, Mahoba and Hamirpur 1,15,89,645 survey of gaato has taken place in kharif 2023.

How many districts of Uttar Pradesh will undergo a survey.

In the Rabi season 2023-24, 100 percent crop survey in all the districts of the state has been ensured through e-Khasra investigation. This process has been done through a mobile app. There are 110221 revenue villages in 75 districts of the state, out of which 7 crore 87 lakh 73 thousand 211 are gaate, out of which 95270 has a Jio Reference map. These include 6 crore 69 lakh 37 thousand 766 Jio Reference Gaata, which requires e -Khasra investigation. The survey will be held in all 75 districts of the state and will be completed by 15 February. All the accountants of the revenue department and technical assistants of the Department of Agriculture, BTM, ATM and panchayat assistants will have to work as surveyors in this task.