Rabi grain

Essential works to be done in horticulture crops in the month of March

Essential works to be done in horticulture crops in the month of March

 Special attention should be paid to seed vegetables by farmers. Farmers should keep monitoring of chepa in vegetables. If the crop is affected by chepa, then to control it, mix 25 ml of imedacloprid per liter of water and spray it when the sky is clear. Do not harvest ripe fruits immediately after spraying. Pluck ripe fruits at least 1 week later.

1. Sowing of pumpkin vegetables is also done in this month. Pumpkin vegetables like cucumber, bottle gourd, bitter gourd, zucchini, chappan pumpkin, petha, watermelon and muskmelon. All these vegetables also have different varieties.

Cucumber - Japanese Long Green, Pusa Uday, Poinsett and Pusa Combination.

Gourd - Pusa Sandesh, Pusa Hybrid, Pusa Naveen, Pusa Samriddhi, Pusa Santushti and PSPL.

Bitter gourd - Pusa two seasonal, Pusa special Pusa hybrid.

Smooth zucchini - Pusa Sneha, Pusa Supriya.

Chappan Pumpkin - Australian Green, Patty Penn, Pusa Alankar.

Muskmelon - Green honey, Punjab golden, Durgapura honey, Lucknow Safeda and Punjab hybrid.

Also read: Why is the month of March, the treasure of vegetables: Full details ( Vegetables to Sow in the Month of March in Hindi)

2. Sowing of ladyfinger and cowpea is also done at this time. Varieties like A-4 and Parbhani Kranti can be adopted for early sowing of bhindi. Improved varieties of cowpea like Pusa Komal, Pusa Sukomal and Pusa Faguni can be sown. For seed treatment of both crops, treat 1 kg of seed with 2 grams of thiram or captan.

3. At this time, lightly irrigate the onion crop. Do not use any manure and fertilizer at this stage of onion crop. Fertilizer will only increase the vegetative part of the onion and not the onion, its lump growth is less. Constant monitoring of thrips invasion. In case of thrips insect, spray 2 grams of Carbaryl in 4 liters of water mixed with 1 gram quantity of any adhesive substance like Tipol. But while spraying, keep in mind that the weather should be clear.

4. This month is good for sowing radish in the summer season. The temperature is also favorable for direct sowing of radish. The germination of seeds is good in this season. Seeds for sowing radish should be obtained from a certified source.

5. Garlic crop may also be attacked by bloch disease or pests at this time. To avoid this, mix 2 grams of mancozeb with 1 gram of Tipol etc.

Also read: Detailed information about garlic crop beneficial for health

6. To control the pod borer pest in brinjal crop in this season, the farmer should collect and burn the plants affected by this pest. If the outbreak of this pest is high, then mix 1 ml spinosad in 4 liters of water and spray it. This remedy can be done to control pod borer pests in tomato cultivation.


Do not use any kind of pesticide in mango cultivation in this month. But in case of excessive outbreak of mango maggot, 0.5% monocrotophos solution can be sprayed. In general, 0.5% Dinocap solution can be sprayed in case of outbreak of Kharra disease.

 Irrigate if there is a lack of moisture in fruits like grapes, peaches and plums. Also, transplant the prepared seedlings of marigold keeping in mind the weather. Before transplanting marigold, add the appropriate amount of manure to the field. Transplant marigold only when there is proper moisture in the field. Do not allow weeds to grow in the field. From time to time, the field should be sprayed, hoeed.

Agriculture-related essential work in April.

Agriculture-related essential work in April.

Most of the work in April is related to harvesting of crops. In this month, farmers harvest Rabi crops and sow other crops. Some of the important work related to agriculture in this month is as follows.

Harvesting of Rabi Crops.

The harvesting of crops like wheat, peas, gram, barley lentils, etc. is done in this month only. It is very important to harvest these crops at the right time. If the crop is not harvested at the right time, the productivity and quality of the crop will be adversely affected. If harvested late, the pods and ears start breaking and falling. Apart from this, this crop can also be damaged by birds and rats.

The farmer can do the harvesting of the crop himself, or he can also get it harvested by machines. Some farmers harvest the crop with a sickle because there is very little loss of straw and grains in it. Harvesting the crop by combine is easier and takes much less time than sickle harvesting, and also saves money. 

To harvest with a combine, it is necessary to have 20% moisture in the crop. If the crop is being harvested with sickle etc. then dry the crop thoroughly and then start harvesting. Do not keep the crop stored in the field for a long time. Get the crop removed immediately using thresher etc.

Sowing of crops for green manure

In April, farmers sow green manure crops to increase the fertility of the land. Dhencha is also included in green manure crops. The sowing of Dhencha should be done by the end of April. Dhencha cultivation maintains the presence of nutrients in the soil. 

Also read: Green manure will give life to the soil and the farmer

Harvesting of gram and mustard

Mustard, potatoes, and gram are harvested in April. After harvesting all these crops, the farmer can also grow vegetables like ridge gourd, cucumber, tinda, bitter gourd, and cucumber. Keep in mind that while sowing, keep the distance from plant to plant between 50 cm to 100 cm. If all these vegetables have been sown, then take special care of irrigation. For higher crop production, spray Hydrozide and Tri Iodo Benzoic Acid mixed in water.

Sowing of Radish and Ginger

After harvesting Rabi crops, radish and ginger are sown in this month. RRW and Pusa Chetki varieties of radish can be grown in this month. Before sowing ginger, do seed treatment. For seed treatment use a drug called Bavistin. 

Also read: Cultivating ginger in this way will yield huge profits

Pests in Tomato crop

The sowing of tomatoes is done before April. To protect the tomato crop from fruit borer diseases in April, spray the Malathion chemical drug by mixing it in 1 ml of water. But before spraying, pluck ripe fruits. After spraying, do not harvest the fruits for 3-4 days.

Ladyfinger crop

Ladyfinger plants start bearing fruits from summer itself. Soft and unripe fruits are plucked for use. The fruits of Ladyfinger should be plucked at an interval of 3-4 days. If the fruits are harvested late, the fruits become bitter hard, and fibrous.

 Many times the leaves of the lady's finger plant start turning yellow, and the size of the fruits also becomes smaller. This disease in okra crops is caused by a yellow mosaic virus. To save the crop from this disease, the diseased plants can be uprooted and thrown away or the crop can be saved from destruction by using chemical pesticides.

Digging Onions and Garlic

Digging of onion and garlic is started in April. Irrigation work should be stopped 15-20 days before digging of onion and garlic. Dig the plant only when it dries thoroughly. The farmer can identify whether the plant is dry or not by breaking the tip of the plant. 

Also read: Farmers are worried in Bhopal, they are not getting fair prices for onion and garlic.

Caring of Capsicum

Capsicum crop should be irrigated at an interval of 8-10 days. To reduce weeds in the crop, weeding, and hoeing should also be done. To protect capsicum cultivation from insect attack, spray Roger 30 EC mixed with water. In case of severe pest infestation, spraying can be done again at an interval of 10-15 days.

Brinjal crop 

Constant monitoring should be done in the brinjal crop, there are more chances of stem and fruit borer insects in the brinjal crop. That is why pesticides should be used to protect the crop from pests.

Jackfruit crop 

Jackfruit cultivation can get spoiled due to diseases like rot. To prevent this, spray zinc carbamate solution.