wheat production

 The government has set a target of 11.4 crore tonnes for this Rabi season.

The government has set a target of 11.4 crore tonnes for this Rabi season.

Considering the dangerous conditions like storms, hailstorms, and El Nino, the Central Government has targeted cultivating climate-resistant (heat tolerant) varieties like DBW 327 Karan Shivani, HD-3385. A target of record wheat production of 11.4 crore tonnes has been set for this Rabi season. 

The yield of crops depends on the soil, weather, irrigation, and good-quality seeds. Also, sometimes due to adverse weather conditions, the farmer cannot even cover the cost of his crop. The farmer himself also goes through economic conditions. At the same time, his family also faces these challenges. In such a situation, the government has set a target keeping in mind the adverse circumstances. Under this target, climate-resistant DBW 327 Karan Shivani, HD-3385 ​​MP-3288, Raj 4079, DBW-110, and HD-2864, will be used in 60 percent of the total area of ​​wheat sowing. The target of cultivation of HD-2932 varieties has been set.

 The target of wheat production has been set

Considering the problems of climate change, the Union Agriculture Ministry has set a target of producing 11.4 crore tonnes of wheat in the Rabi season. At the same time, last year also the government had set a target of wheat production of 11.27 crore tonnes in the same period. 

Also read: UP Becomes Number One in Wheat Production

Union Agriculture Secretary Manoj Ahuja has prepared a strategy

Union Agriculture Secretary Manoj Ahuja has discussed the strategy of sowing Rabi crops, in which he has said that some changes are taking place in the climate ecology every day. Because of this, effects are being seen in crops also, so in such a situation, climate-resistant seeds should be used strategically.

Heat-resistant varieties are being encouraged

More than 800 climate-resistant varieties exist in India. These seeds need to be put in the seed chain under the ‘Seed Rolling’ scheme. Farmers should be motivated to grow heat-resistant varieties. Apart from this, a map should be prepared regarding good varieties to be produced by identifying specific areas in all the states. An important factor for good production is selecting varieties of seeds wisely. Farmers should always select good and climate-resistant varieties.

 Farmers of these areas should produce these 15 varieties of wheat

Farmers of these areas should produce these 15 varieties of wheat

ICAR has identified 15 new varieties of wheat in India. The varieties developed by scientists will increase food grain production in the country. Besides, new varieties of wheat and barley will also be available to the farmers. ICAR and other agriculture related institutions continuously provide information about improved varieties as well as scientific discoveries to farmers for higher yields. Meanwhile, scientists have also identified two new varieties of wheat and one new variety of barley. According to scientists, these newly identified varieties are two high-yielding varieties in the north-western plains. The names of the two identified wheat varieties are HD3386 and WH1402. The identified new wheat varieties have been developed by ICAR-Indian Wheat and Barley Research Institute, Karnal with the help of Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Rajasthan.

Also read: The best varieties of wheat, learn about sowing time, production capacity, etc

Different varieties will give bumper production in different areas

These varieties developed by scientists will increase the production of food grains in India. Besides, new varieties for wheat and barley will also be available to the farmers. Timely sowing of GW547 variety of wheat for irrigated land. Additionally, CG1040 and DBW359 have been identified for unirrigated lands. Let us inform that along with this, wheat varieties DBW359, NW4028, UAS478, HI8840 and HI1665 have been identified for the restricted irrigation areas of the peninsula. Scientists say that the malt barley variety DWRB219 has also been identified for the irrigated areas of the north-west.

Also read: This variety of wheat can be helpful for diabetes and obesity

Researchers from different areas of India participated

According to Dr. Gyanendra Singh, Director of ICAR-IIWBR, Karnal, researchers from different parts of India participated in the All India Wheat and Barley Conference. ICAR has also started the licensing process of newly released varieties DBW370, DBW371, DBW372, DBW316 and DDW55 with Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs) and private seed companies. The portal for seeds being run by the institute has also been started from September 15.

Farmers can obtain a production upto 70 to 75 Quintals per hectare by cultivating these three top varieties of wheat

Farmers can obtain a production upto 70 to 75 Quintals per hectare by cultivating these three top varieties of wheat

With these excellent species of wheat HD 3406 ( advanced HD 2967), HD-3385, HI 1634 ( Pasa Ahilya), farmers can obtain a produce of upto 74 quintals per hectare of land. India being an agricultural dominant nation is also the second largest wheat producer of the world. Along with this, cultivation of wheat is mainly done in Haryana, UP, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab. Many state farmers have already started cultivating wheat which is the most important crop of the Rabi season. If you are a farmer and you are also in search of wheat which provides maximum production. Actually in this article of Meri khet, we will tell you about three species of wheat which will give you a production of upto 74 quintals per hectare on their cultivation. For your kind information, let you know that in these three species of wheat HD 3406 ( advanced HD 2967), HD-3385, HI 1634 ( Pasa Ahilya) are present.

HD 3406 (advanced HD 2967) variety of wheat.

This amazing species of wheat HD 3406 (advanced HD 2967) can be easily cultivated in Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan (except regions of Kota and udaipur), Punjab and West Uttar Pradesh (except regions of Jhansi), Katra of Jammu Kashmir and Kathua district, Una district and Ponta valley of Himachal Pradesh and lowlands of Uttrakhand. Apart from this, the average production of this variety is about 54.73 quintal per hectare. And the maximum production power is 64.05 quintals per hectare. Whereas, this excellent species HD 3406 (advanced HD 2967) is resistant to rust disease. Actually, it is resistant to foliar/brown rust disease and striped/yellow rust disease. Along with this, its resistance is found amazing against blight disease and karnal bunt.

Read  also: whether your wheat crops are affected from this disease, must look over its symptoms.

HD 3385 variety of wheat 

The HD 3385 variety of wheat has been prepared by Indian agricultural research institute, Pusa, Delhi, which prepares for harvesting within 123-147 days. HD 3385 has an average production of 62.1 quintal per hectare and its maximum production is upto 73.4 quintal per hectare. HD 3385 is resistant to Many diseases. This variety is resistant to striped rust, leaf rust, karnal bunt, blight diseases of powdery mildew wheat and flag smut disease. Along with this, this variety of wheat is suitable for plains of North-west and North-east.

HI 1634 (Pusa Ahilya) variety of wheat and HI 1634 (Pusa Ahilya)

This variety of wheat HI 1634 (Pusa Ahilya) has been prepared at the Indian agricultural research institute, Indore. Farmers of middle Gujarat, Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan(Kota and udaipur region) and Uttar Pradesh(Jhansi region) can cultivate this crop with ease. However, it is also cultivated in other States. If we talk about its average production, it is 51.6 quintal per hectare and its maximum production power is upto 70.6 quintals per hectare.

 Important role of irrigation to increase the yield of wheat crop in Rabi season

Important role of irrigation to increase the yield of wheat crop in Rabi season

Mustard and wheat cultivation is mostly done in the Rabi season in India. Wheat Cultivation requires four to six irrigations. Therefore farmers should irrigate wheat on scheduled time to increase the yield of wheat. If farmers irrigate wheat on time, then a great yield can be achieved by it. Along with this, what should be taken care of while irrigating. Farmers must also know about this.

It is generally seen that many farmers sow wheat. However, they do not get an expected yield. At the same time, if farmers pay special attention to irrigation along with sowing of wheat, then they get better production. Wheat is a crop that requires a lot of water. However, by using advanced methods of irrigation, a lot of water can be saved in it. Also, spectacular production can also be achieved.

Water consumption in wheat crop 

When the wheat crop will be irrigated, it depends on the amount of soil moisture. If the weather is cold and moisture in the land remains intact, irrigation can be done with delay. On the contrary, if the land is dry, then quick irrigation is required. At the same time, if the weather is hot then plants need more irrigation. In such a situation, irrigation should be done from time to time so that the amount of moisture in the ground remains and the plants can grow better. For a great yield of wheat, its crop requires 35 to 40 cm of water. Farmers can fulfil this at different scheduled times.

Also read: Wheat sowing is completed, government prepared, purchase will start from March 15

Irrigation for wheat crop

In general, 4 to 6 irrigation in wheat crops is quite favourable. It requires 6 to 8 irrigation in sandy land. Light irrigation should be done in sandy soil, which requires 5 to 6 cm of water. Also, deep irrigation is required in heavy soil. In this, farmers should irrigate 6-7 cm. All this irrigation should be done in different stages of wheat plant, so that more benefits can be achieved.

Why should not the straw not burn? How will you know that your soil is alive or is lifeless?

Why should not the straw not burn? How will you know that your soil is alive or is lifeless?

Only the microorganisms (microbes) found in the upper surface of your soil determine that your soil is alive or lifeless, lifeless soil is called barren land. Due to burning of paddy straw, the microorganisms found in the soil die due to excessive heat, due to which the soil becomes barren. This fact needs to be promoted to reduce the problem of stubble burning. No smart and conscious farmers will make their soil barren themselves. For immediate benefits and due to lack of information, they are causing their own loss. In determining that the soil is alive or lifeless, it involves assessing its biological, chemical and physical characteristics. The soil is a complex ecosystem that is formed by combining diverse communities of organisms, from microorganisms to large organisms. This dynamic environment plays an important role in supporting the life of plants and maintaining ecological balance. We will detect various indicators and factors that help us understand the living nature of the soil.

1. Biological indicators

The soil is full of life, and a major indicator of its life is the presence of microorganisms. Bacteria, fungi, protozoa and nematodes are essential components of soil health. These organisms contribute to nutritious cycles, organic matter decomposition and disease suppression. Soil tests, such as microbial biomass and activity assay, provide insight into the abundance and diversity of these microorganisms.

Also read: The importance of natural farming and what are its benefits.

 Earthworms are another important biological indicator. Their hole digging activities increase soil composition, aeration and water infiltration. The presence and variety of earthworms indicate a healthy and biologically active soil.

2. Chemical Indicators

The chemical composition of the soil also reveals its vibrancy. The characteristic of living soil is a balanced nutrient that supports the growth of plants. PH, nutrient levels (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, etc.), and soil testing for organic matter content helps to assess soil fertility and the ability to maintain the life of plants. Organic matter derived from disintegrated plants and animal materials is a major component of living soil. It provides nutrients, improves water retention and supports microbial activity. High organic matter material is a sign of lively and biologically active soil.

3. Physical Indicator

The physical structure of the soil affects its vibrancy. The structure of a healthy soil allows proper drainage, root entry and air circulation. Soil sets formed by binding of particles contribute to a well -structured soil.

Also read: In the country of diversities, soil is also found separately, know which soil is the most fertile? 

By observing the soil texture (sand, silt, soil), information about its physical properties can be found. Living soils often have diverse textures, which promotes a balanced mixture of drainage and water retention. The narrow or poor structured soil indicates a lack of biological activity.

4. Health of plants

The health and vitality of plants growing in the soil is a direct indicator of the vibrancy of the soil. The growth of green and vigorous plants indicates rich and biologically active soil. In contrast, stagnant growth, yellow leaves, or increasing sensitivity to diseases indicate soil problems. Mycorrhiza plays an important role in taking nutrients, creating a symbiotic relationship with the roots of plants. The presence of mycorrhiza is an indicator of a living soil ecosystem that supports plant-length interactions.

Also read: Our soil growing towards better production from less fertile power

5. Soil respiration

Measuring soil respiratory rate provides direct evaluation of microbial activity. Microorganisms consume organic materials in the soil, release carbon dioxide through respiration. The high soil respiratory rate indicates an active microbial community and contributes to the cycle of nutrients.


In conclusion, to determine whether the soil is alive or not, it involves a comprehensive analysis of its biological, chemical and physical characteristics. Organic indicators such as microorganisms and earthworms, nutrient levels and organic matters such as chemical indicators and physical indicators such as the structure of soil collectively contribute to the evaluation. Additionally, observing the health of the plant and performing soil respiratory testing provides valuable information about the dynamic and living nature of the soil. Overall, a holistic approach that considers multiple indicators is necessary for the intensive understanding of the soil livelihood.