Potato farming: Important information related to potato farming.

Published on: 29-Aug-2023

For your knowledge, we can tell you that growing more potatoes may enhance your revenue by sowing high yielding potato types on time, using a balanced amount of fertiliser, suitable pesticides, and water management.

Potatoes are a key cash crop. Every household uses it in some way. It contains abundant amounts of starch, protein, vitamin C, and mineral salts. Let us advise you that you may raise your revenue by producing more potatoes by early sowing of high yielding varieties, balanced fertiliser use, adequate pesticide usage, and improved water management.

Soil and potato crop variations

Potato farming is best suited to loamy and sandy loam soils rich in organic matter. Mid-season varieties such as Kufri Lalima, Kufri Bahar, Kufri Pukhraj, and Kufri Arun, when seeded in the first week of November, produce high yields. To avoid late seeding, sowing Kufri Sindhuri, Kufri Deva, and Kufri Badshah, among others, should be done by the last week of November.

Also  read: Grow early potatoes in this method.

Prepare the sowing and field of potatoes in this manner.

Potatoes are a winter crop. It needs a temperature of 22 to 24 degrees Celsius for establishment and early growth, and 18 to 20 degrees Celsius for tuber development. To prepare the field, make the soil more friable by ploughing three to four times deep. Before planting, add 55 kg urea, 87 kg DAP, 250 kg single super phosphate, and 80 kg MOP into the soil per acre.

Use fertiliser to produce an excellent yield from potato growing.

Today we shall discuss fertiliser in potato farming. Apply 45 kg of urea to the field 30 days after you seed your potatoes. Using 100 kg of gypsum per acre for field preparation yields results. Sow the potatoes only after they have been taken out of cold storage and kept in the shade for seven to eight days. If the potatoes are huge, chop and seed them. However, each piece of potato should weigh around 35-40 grams. Each item requires at least two healthy eyes. In this case, 10 to 12 quintals of tubers will be needed per acre.

Also  read: Late blight disease of potatoes and its treatment.

Before sowing, use three percent boric acid or Pensikuran (Manserin), 250 ml/eight quintals of tubers, or Penflufen (Imesto), 100 ml/10 quintals of tubers, and then sow the seeds. Maintain appropriate moisture in the field when sowing. Maintain a 50 to 60 cm spacing between each row. Sow at a space of 15 cm between tubers. After seeding potatoes, provide light watering for 7 to 10 days. When two to four leaves develop, combine Metribuzin 70%, WP at 100 grams in 200 litres of water and spray each acre.