Agriculture-related essential work in April.

Published on: 21-Feb-2024

Most of the work in April is related to harvesting of crops. In this month, farmers harvest Rabi crops and sow other crops. Some of the important work related to agriculture in this month is as follows.

Harvesting of Rabi Crops.

The harvesting of crops like wheat, peas, gram, barley lentils, etc. is done in this month only. It is very important to harvest these crops at the right time. If the crop is not harvested at the right time, the productivity and quality of the crop will be adversely affected. If harvested late, the pods and ears start breaking and falling. Apart from this, this crop can also be damaged by birds and rats.

The farmer can do the harvesting of the crop himself, or he can also get it harvested by machines. Some farmers harvest the crop with a sickle because there is very little loss of straw and grains in it. Harvesting the crop by combine is easier and takes much less time than sickle harvesting, and also saves money. 

To harvest with a combine, it is necessary to have 20% moisture in the crop. If the crop is being harvested with sickle etc. then dry the crop thoroughly and then start harvesting. Do not keep the crop stored in the field for a long time. Get the crop removed immediately using thresher etc.

Sowing of crops for green manure

In April, farmers sow green manure crops to increase the fertility of the land. Dhencha is also included in green manure crops. The sowing of Dhencha should be done by the end of April. Dhencha cultivation maintains the presence of nutrients in the soil. 

Also read: Green manure will give life to the soil and the farmer

Harvesting of gram and mustard

Mustard, potatoes, and gram are harvested in April. After harvesting all these crops, the farmer can also grow vegetables like ridge gourd, cucumber, tinda, bitter gourd, and cucumber. Keep in mind that while sowing, keep the distance from plant to plant between 50 cm to 100 cm. If all these vegetables have been sown, then take special care of irrigation. For higher crop production, spray Hydrozide and Tri Iodo Benzoic Acid mixed in water.

Sowing of Radish and Ginger

After harvesting Rabi crops, radish and ginger are sown in this month. RRW and Pusa Chetki varieties of radish can be grown in this month. Before sowing ginger, do seed treatment. For seed treatment use a drug called Bavistin. 

Also read: Cultivating ginger in this way will yield huge profits

Pests in Tomato crop

The sowing of tomatoes is done before April. To protect the tomato crop from fruit borer diseases in April, spray the Malathion chemical drug by mixing it in 1 ml of water. But before spraying, pluck ripe fruits. After spraying, do not harvest the fruits for 3-4 days.

Ladyfinger crop

Ladyfinger plants start bearing fruits from summer itself. Soft and unripe fruits are plucked for use. The fruits of Ladyfinger should be plucked at an interval of 3-4 days. If the fruits are harvested late, the fruits become bitter hard, and fibrous.

 Many times the leaves of the lady's finger plant start turning yellow, and the size of the fruits also becomes smaller. This disease in okra crops is caused by a yellow mosaic virus. To save the crop from this disease, the diseased plants can be uprooted and thrown away or the crop can be saved from destruction by using chemical pesticides.

Digging Onions and Garlic

Digging of onion and garlic is started in April. Irrigation work should be stopped 15-20 days before digging of onion and garlic. Dig the plant only when it dries thoroughly. The farmer can identify whether the plant is dry or not by breaking the tip of the plant. 

Also read: Farmers are worried in Bhopal, they are not getting fair prices for onion and garlic.

Caring of Capsicum

Capsicum crop should be irrigated at an interval of 8-10 days. To reduce weeds in the crop, weeding, and hoeing should also be done. To protect capsicum cultivation from insect attack, spray Roger 30 EC mixed with water. In case of severe pest infestation, spraying can be done again at an interval of 10-15 days.

Brinjal crop 

Constant monitoring should be done in the brinjal crop, there are more chances of stem and fruit borer insects in the brinjal crop. That is why pesticides should be used to protect the crop from pests.

Jackfruit crop 

Jackfruit cultivation can get spoiled due to diseases like rot. To prevent this, spray zinc carbamate solution.